Lodgement of financial reports

This information sheet (INFO 31) explains:

What companies must lodge financial reports?

Although all companies should keep financial records to ensure they understand how their operations are faring, some types of companies need to keep these records for the purposes of preparing and lodging financial reports with us.

Generally, companies must lodge reports where:

  • there are substantial sums of money involved
  • the general public has invested funds with the company, or
  • the company exists for charitable purposes only and is not intended to make a profit. See charities registered with the ACNC if your company is a charity registered with the Australian Charities and Not-for-Profits Commission.

Section 292 of the Corporations Act requires the following entities to prepare financial reports:

The following entities may also be required to prepare financial reports:

Financial reports prepared in accordance with the Corporations Act 2001 (Corporations Act) generally must comply with accounting standards (see section 296). Australian Accounting Standards meet the requirements of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), which Australia adopted in 2005.

Section 601CK of the Corporations Act requires registered foreign companies to lodge balance sheets, profit and loss statements, cash flow statements and other documents with ASIC. You should seek professional advice if you are unsure of your company’s financial reporting obligations.

Australian financial services (AFS) licensees must also lodge financial statements under section 989B of Corporations Act. See AFS licensees - lodging annual accounts and audit report using forms FS70 and FS71.

Exemptions from having to lodge financial reports

In limited circumstances, some companies are exempt from the requirement to lodge financial reports, such as if:

Don’t assume that your company would qualify for any exemption. Generally, it is the minority of cases that qualify for some form of relief.
In most cases, relief is not granted for financial reports that were due in the past.

For more information, see relief from corporate finance provisions.

What documents must be lodged

Form 388 Copy of financial statements and reports should always be completed and lodged with the documents listed in the table below unless the company or entity lodges its financial statements and reports with the ASX, NSX, SIM VSE or SSX, or the entity is a registered foreign company (Form 405 Statement to verify financial statements of a foreign company). If your company holds an AFS licence, you must also lodge a profit and loss statement and balance sheet together with an auditor’s report with Form FS70 Australian financial services licensee profit and loss statement and balance sheet and Form FS71 Auditor's report for AFS licensee. For information on using these forms, see AFS licensees: Lodging your annual accounts and audit report using Form FS70 and FS71.

A disclosing entity’s half-year financial report is lodged with ASIC using Form 7051 Notification of half yearly reports, unless the disclosing entity lodges with ASX, NSX, SIM VSE or SSX.

The table below lists the components of the annual financial report:

DocumentSection of the Corporations Act

Statement of financial position as at the end of the year (if consolidated accounts are not required by accounting standards)

295(2) and 296(1)

Statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for the year (if consolidated accounts are not required by accounting standards)

295(2) and 296(1)

Statement of cash flows for the year (if consolidated accounts are not required by accounting standards)

295(2) and 296(1)

Statement of changes in equity if consolidated accounts are not required by accounting standards)

295(2) and 296(1)

Consolidated financial statements, if required by accounting standards – which may include parent entity financial information where Class Order [CO 10/654] Inclusion of parent entity financial statements in financial reports conditions are met.

295(2) and 296(1)

Notes to financial statements (disclosure required by the Corporations Regulations 2001, notes required by the accounting standards, and any other information necessary to give a true and fair view)

295(3)

Directors' declaration that the financial statements comply with accounting standards, give a true and fair view, there are reasonable grounds to believe the company/scheme/entity will be able to pay its debts, the financial statements have been made in accordance with the Corporations Act

295(4)

Directors' report, including the auditor's independence declaration

298-300A

Auditor's report

301 and 308

When financial reports must be lodged

Section 319 of the Corporations Act requires a disclosing entity or registered managed investment scheme to lodge the complete financial reports within three months after the end of the financial year. All other companies must lodge their financial reports within four months after the end of the financial year.

If the company has not made a profit or traded during the financial year, financial reports are still required – even if it is necessary to show figures as ‘zero’ (e.g. Total assets = $0.00).

How to lodge financial reports

As noted above, lodge your company’s financial reports with a copy of Form 388 Copy of financial statements and reports unless you lodge your financial reports with ASX, NSX, SIM VSE or SSX.

Alternatively, you can lodge online through the company officeholder, registered agent and auditor portals after you have registered for access. Or, if your financial, accounting or payroll software is SBR-enabled, you can lodge through the Standard Business Reporting (SBR) Program.

Where can I get more information?

Important notice

Please note that this information sheet is a summary giving you basic information about a particular topic. It does not cover the whole of the relevant law regarding that topic, and it is not a substitute for professional advice.

You should also note that because this information sheet avoids legal language wherever possible, it might include some generalisations about the application of the law. Some provisions of the law referred to have exceptions or important qualifications. In most cases your particular circumstances must be taken into account when determining how the law applies to you.

This is Information Sheet 31 (INFO 31), reissued in March 2017. Information sheets provide concise guidance on a specific process or compliance issue or an overview of detailed guidance.

What's new

Communicating ASIC’s findings from audit files,

This new regulatory guide provides transparency on our criteria and process for communicating financial reporting and audit findings. 17-200MR, 23 June

More releases on financial reporting and audit

Last updated: 20/10/2014 12:00