Disputes about unpaid debts - small proprietary companies
What are disputes about unpaid debts?
Failure to pay a debt is a contractual issue that can arise when there is a dispute between the parties over the conditions of a contract, which may or may not be in writing.
A breach of contract is not a criminal matter, and a contract is enforceable only by civil action taken by the parties to the agreement. If the parties cannot resolve the dispute, they will need to take the dispute to court themselves.
Failure to pay a debt can also be a sign that a company is experiencing financial difficulty or has had an insolvency practitioner appointed. However, even if this is the case, an unpaid debt is still a contractual issue between the parties, which needs to be resolved either by the parties involved or by the court.
What you should doContact the company
You should try to raise your concerns with the company directly and review ongoing trading arrangements.
Check if the company has had an insolvency practitioner appointed
Another creditor may have already taken legal action to ‘wind up’ the company. To check if a company is subject to a winding up application, you can do a search on ASIC’s Insolvency Notices.
To check if a company has had an insolvency practitioner appointed, you can do an Organisations & Business Names search on ASIC Connect.
If there is an insolvency practitioner appointed, you should notify them that you have an outstanding debt with the company.
Seek legal advice
We recommend you seek legal advice to discuss your options, for example:
resolving the matter through mediation, or
taking action to wind up the company.
If you are unsure about how to access legal advice, contact the Law Society in your state or territory.
ASIC and disputes about unpaid debts
ASIC does not get involved in disputes about unpaid debts, nor do we intervene if a small proprietary company is experiencing financial difficulty. If we suspect that a proprietary company is trading while insolvent, we may consider these issues, but we will generally not intervene.
This is because there are a number of options available to individual creditors to recover their money: see ‘What you should do’. These options are much more likely to get a result. We will only take action where it will result in a greater regulatory impact in the market and benefit the general public more broadly.
For this reason, our role in helping you resolve a dispute is to suggest ways you can best address your concerns. We do not give legal advice.
If your unpaid debt relates to your entitlements as an employee of a small proprietary company see Information Sheet 160 Disputes about employee entitlements (INFO 160).
If you suspect a provider of financial services or credit is insolvent, see How to complain on ASIC’s MoneySmart website.
Where can I get more information?
Download copies of insolvency, external administration and liquidation information sheets.
Disputes about employee entitlements (INFO 160).
This is Information Sheet 173 (INFO 173). Information sheets provide concise guidance on a specific process or compliance issue or an overview of detailed guidance.